Archeologists discovered an important cemetery on their first day of excavations in the KaniÅŸ region. The examination of a skeleton found during archaeological digs at Kultepe HÃ¶yÃ¼k near the Kayseri-Sivas highway suggests that the Assyrian tradesmanâ€™s skull was opened 4,000 years ago to drain the cerebral cortex.
Prof. Dr. Fikri KulakoÄŸlu from Ankara University Language-History-Geography Faculty archaeology division told the Anatolia news agency that teams excavating at the KÃ¼ltepe-KaniÅŸ-Karum area -- where digs have been going on since 1948 -- discovered a very important cemetery on their first day of excavations of the KaniÅŸ region in 2010. They found the remains of an Assyrian tradesman, complete with his weaponry and personal belongings.
â€œThe 4,000-year-old cemetery belongs to the Colonial Era, and alongside the skeleton, which likely belonged to a male Assyrian tradesman, we discovered personal belongings including a spear and an axe. An examination of his body yielded that a successful brain operation was performed on him before he died. Weâ€™re getting off to a good start to this yearâ€™s digs after this discovery, which has boosted our teamâ€™s morale,â€ KulakoÄŸlu said.
Anadolu University faculty member Dr. Handan ÃœstÃ¼ndaÄŸ noted that this was the first discovery of a skull of this kind. â€œHundreds of skeletons have been found at KÃ¼ltepe, but this one is different. Thereâ€™s a very straight incision in his skull, 6 x 3 cm and traces indicate that the operation was completed successfully and that the patient healed after the procedure. This shows us that 4,000 years ago, a successful brain surgery was conducted: A drainage operation was performed and the patientâ€™s recovery was ensured. We can see this plainly. Whoever did this was very experienced, and the operation was successful,â€ she said.